Lirio del Carmen Gutiérrez Rivera
Freie Universität Berlin
desiguALdades.net: Postdoctoral Researcher (01/07/2010 - 30/06/2012)
14195 Berlin, Germany
|Since 07/2010||Postdoctoral Researcher desiguALdades.net, Berlin, Germany|
|02/2009||Dr.Phil in Political Science, Freie Universität Berlin|
Doctoral Scholarship (DAAD)
Magister in Anthropology Universidad de los Andes (Bogotá, Colombia)
|07/1995-06/1999||Bachelor in Literature, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana (Bogotá, Colombia)|
Winter Semester 2011/12
"Migration and Diaspora in Latin America" (Institute for Latin American Studies, FU Berlin)
Winter Semester 2010/11
|Inequality, marginality and exclusion in LatinAmerica. (Institute for Latin American Studies, Freie Universitaet Berlin)|
|Summer Semester 2010||Tutorial Theories of Development and Politics, Freie Universität Berlin|
|Summer Semester 2009||Tutorial Theories of Development and Politics, Freie Universität Berlin|
|Summer Semester 2009||Introduction to Gender Concepts in Latin America (with PD Dr. Martha Zapata Galindo), Freie Universität Berlin|
|Summer Semester 2009||Colloquium for Postgraduate Students in Political Sciences (with Prof. Dr. Marianne Braig), Freie Universität Berlin|
|Winter Semester 2008/2009||Project: Latin America 68 (with Prof. Dr. Marianne Braig), Freie Universität Berlin|
|Winter Semester 2008/2009||Gender and Nation (with PD Dr. Martha Zapata Galindo), Freie Universität Berlin|
|Winter Semester 2008/2009||Colloquium for Postgraduate Students in Political Sciences (with Prof. Dr. Marianne Braig), Freie Universität Berlin|
|Winter Semester 2010/2011||Marginalidad y exclusión (Lateinamerika-Institut)|
|Summer Semester 2011||Tutorial Theories of Development and Politics (Lateinamerika-Institut)|
Transnationalism and Elite Formation in Latin America: The Case Study of the Arabs in Honduras
Honduran elites emerged and evolved differently from the rest of the Central American region and Latin America. Instead of consolidating a traditional landed elite, or oligarchy, with direct ties to the land and monopoly of agrarian production. Honduras’ elites remained regional and local and dedicatedtheir commerce mainly to trade and later to manufacturing. Honduran authorities were forced to use alternative ways to modernize the traditional production system to enter the world market, namely they established a concessionary system that allowed foreign companies and investors to extract resources. Thus, Honduran elites emerged with deep ties to foreign capital and actors with whom they established transnational networks.
Honduran elite formation process indicates a distinctive ethnic component. Together with the traditional Spanish criollos and mestizos from the colonial period, Honduras elites are composed of foreigners / immigrants particularly of non-European descent, as is the case of the Arabs, and to a lesser extent, the Jews. Arabs established transnational networks with their homeland (particularly Palestine) and other countries and regions. Today, Arabs are one of the most important economic and political elites. Their non-Eurocentric immigrant status, their commercial and trading ties between the home and host land as well as with other regions in Latin America are indicative of Honduras’ distinct elite formation process, namely its transnational features. Furthermore, transnationalism is also manifest in the country’s production system suggesting the existence of complex socio-economic networks that contribute to reproducing high levels of socio-economic and political inequality in the country.
This study looks at Honduras’ elite formation processes. Drawing on the case study of the Arabs, it aims at understanding the chief historical, political and socio-economic processes leading the consolidation of a transnational elite and a transnational production system. On the other hand, this research sets out to answer whether the permeating transnational features are decisive in generating socio-economic and political inequality.
Gutiérrez Rivera, Lirio. (2012). “Geographies of Violence and Exclusion:Imprisoned Gangs (“Maras”) in Honduras”. Latin American Research Review,47(2).
Gutiérrez Rivera, Lirio. (2011). “Security Policies from a Spatial Perspective: The Case of Honduras”. In: “Dossier Spaces of Insecurity: Rethinking Security Governance in Latin America”, Iberoamericana, N. 41,
Gutiérrez Rivera, L. (2010). ‘Discipline and Punish? Youth Gangs’ Response to Zero-Tolerance Policies in Honduras’ Bulletin of Latin American Research, 29(4), pp. 492-514.
Gutiérrez Rivera, L. (2007). ‘Oportunidades y posibilidades a partir de la enfermedad: la experiencia de voluntarias con personas con VIH/SIDA, Universitas Humanística, July-December, No. 64, pp. 92-112.
Published Conference Papers
Gutiérrez Rivera, L. 2009 “Understanding Territoriality: the State and the Youth Gangs in Honduras” in: Panel Violence without War: Crime, dissent and security in Central America, Julie Charlip (ed.). Latin American Studies Association LASA, Rio de Janeiro, 2009.
Gutiérrez Rivera, L. 2009 “Diferencias territoriales del estado y de las pandillas en Honduras“, in: Simposio O-53 América Central: entender e imaginar una región, Jordana Dym and Christophe Belaubre (eds.) Actas del Congreso XV Congreso Internacional de AHILA “1808-2008: Crisis y Problemas en el Mundo Atlántico“ CD-ROM Leiden, 2009
Baby, Sophie, Olivier Compagnon, and Eduardo González-Calleja (eds.). Violencia y transiciones políticas a finales del siglo XX. Europa del Sur-América Latina. Collection de la Casa Velázquez, Volume 110, Madrid, Casa de Velázquez, 2009. Geschichte Transnational, Universität Leipzig. (Forthcoming).
Territories of Violence. State, Marginal Youth, and Public Security in
Honduras (Under contract Palgrave Macmillian).
October 6-9, 2010
Security Policies from a Spatial Perspective: Lessons from Honduras
paper presented at the Latin American Studies Association (LASA), Toronto, Canada
August 9-12, 2010
"Understanding the Maras in Honduras"
paper presented at the Scientific Week (Semana Científica) at the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Honduras, Teguciagalpa, Honduras
June 5-8, 2009
"Territorial Tensions between the State and the Youth Gangs (Maras) in Honduras"
paper presented at the Society of Latin American Studies, Leeds, UK
May 3-5, 2009
"Die territorialen Strategien des Staates und der Jugendbanden 'maras' in Honduras"
paper presented at the ADLAF (German Society of Latine American Studies) Junior Researchers Congress
"Enclaves and Territories: Territoriality in Nineteenth Century Honduras"
paper presented at the Society of Lain American Studies, Leeds, UK