Jairo Baquero Melo
Freie Universität Berlin
desiguALdades.net: Doctoral Researcher (01/07/2010 - 28/02/2014)
14195 Berlin, Germany
|since 07/2010||Doctoral Researcher desiguALdades.net, Berlin, Germany|
|09/2007 - 02/2009||Master in International Relations and African Studies (ECTS credits), Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Spain.|
|06/2006 - 07/2007||Research assistant, project “Economic liberalization, politics and war”, IEPRI, Bogotá, Colombia (funded by IDRC).|
|08/2003 - 08/2006||Master in Political Studies, IEPRI, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá, Colombia.|
|08/1993 - 03/1999||BA in Economics, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá, Colombia.|
|2006 / 2007||Theories of international relations (Undergraduate Level), Universidad Jorge Tadeo Lozano, Bogotá, Colombia.|
|2006 / 2007||Relevant issues in international relations (Undergraduate Level), Universidad Jorge Tadeo Lozano, Bogotá, Colombia.|
|2006 / 2007||Political systems (Undergraduate Level), Universidad Jorge Tadeo Lozano, Bogotá, Colombia.|
|2005||Colombia´s Foreign Policy (Undergraduate Level), Universidad Jorge Tadeo Lozano, Bogotá, Colombia.|
|2000||Colombian economy (Undergraduate Level – Assistant Professor), Faculty of Economic Sciences. Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá, Colombia.|
|1999||Labour market economy (Undergraduate Level – Assistant Professor), Faculty of Economics, Universidad del Rosario, Bogotá, Colombia.|
Territory and Conflict in the Chocó Region: Entanglements, Civil Society and State
Since the early nineties, various trends are affecting the situation of Afrodescendants´ populations in the Pacific region of Colombia. The Constitution of 1991 proclaimed the country as a multicultural nation. After that process, the Law 70 of 1993 was introduced in order to define the collective territories of black communities. A process of collective lands entitling benefits for several families in Chocó and others regions. In the midst of these policies, various negative trends have prevented black communities of exercising their territorial rights. The armed conflict, narcotraffic and governmental development policies are among the factors that have produced forced displacement, dispossession, de-territorialization and confinement of this population. To overcome this situation, various proposals and initiatives have been offered and adopted by the civil society and the state. These initiatives have been dictated, influenced and pursued by (or in accordance with) international regimes, actors and institutions. The aim of this research is to analyze the relations between multiple actors, as well as the entanglements and trans-regional elements embedded in strategies regarding the respect of Afrodescendants´ rights to their collective territories. At the same time, the study aims at analyzing the links between territorial rights, violence and inequality. The research is focused on the collective territories situated in the Department of Chocó.
Baquero, Jairo (2006), “Inequality, political violence and the agrarian reform´ role” (in Spanish). Análisis Político, No. 58, Sep - Dec, 2006, p.113-132. Bogotá.
Baquero, Jairo, Natalia Ariza, Clara Ramírez (2003), “Forced displacement in Colombia” (in Spanish), Quarterly publication, Observatory of Socio-economic situation, CID, National University of Colombia & UNICEF, Bogotá.
Baquero, Jairo (2010), “War, peace and liberalism: a macro-quantitative analysis of the relation between economic globalization and armed conflict”, in the book: Gutierrez, Francisco & Gerd Schönwälder (Eds.), Economic Liberalization and political violence - Utopia or Dystopia?, Pluto Press-IDRC.
Baquero, Jairo (2009), “Economic globalization and political violence: a macro quantitative analysis” (in Spanish), in: Gutiérrez, Francisco y Ricardo Peñaranda (eds.), Markets and arms: armed conflicts and peace in the neoliberal period. Latin America, an evaluation, La Carreta Ed., Bogotá.
Baquero, Jairo and Gutiérrez Sanín, Francisco (2007), “The blockades to representative democracy and political system" (in Spanish), Chapter of: F. Gutiérrez, Citizenship Participation and poverty in Colombia, MERPD- DNP (National Planning Department), Bogotá.
Book Chapters (To be published)
Baquero, Jairo (2010, forthcoming). “Brazilian cooperation in Sub-Saharan Africa in the 21th century” (in Spanish). Chapter of the book: Mbuyi Kabunda (Coord.), The South-South Cooperation, Spain.
Baquero, Jairo (2009), “Curses and blessings: impacts of natural resources´ extraction” (in Spanish), Relaciones Internacionales, Nº.11, June 2009, GERI – UAM, Madrid. Review of: Campos, Alicia & Carrillo, Miquel (eds.) (2008), The hidden price of land, Icaria, Madrid.
“Brazilian cooperation in Sub-Saharan Africa”, Seminar “Research network on regional integration, multilateralism in Latin America and South-South Cooperation”, UAM, Madrid, Spain.
“Economic globalization and armed conflict: a comparative analysis”, International Seminar "Economic Liberalism, politics and war: comparative analysis of Africa and Latin America”, IDRC, IEPRI, Bogotá.