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Asymmetries and Connections: Reproduction and Transformation of Inequalities and Differences in Transnational Migratory Circuits

This project aims to study the interwoven working of social inequalities and differences in migratory circuits of Bolivians in Argentina and, in a first approach, in Spain. Circuits involve the presence of persons, groups and institutions in a network that extends both within states and beyond. Different normative and interpretative frames coexist in these circuits: national rights and obligations (from at least two countries), local traditions and customary laws (and those shaped within the circulation itself), and an international human rights regime which, ultimately, still depends to a large extent on states for implementation.

The movement in the circuits is heterogeneous. Among other things, ways of understanding social positions and relations circulate and are interchanged. At different points, institutional actors and organizations develop discussions and actions about experiences of migrants, and discriminative or oppressive practices that they withstand. In this regard, in recent years the Bolivian state’s participation, through its consulates and other agencies, has become increasingly important. International agencies take part in these processes too, such as local civil society organisations (trade unions, ethnic and feminist organisations, etc.) that sometimes extend its activity to other sections of the circuit. The project must then examine the impact that the action of these social actors may have on the ways in which migrants experiment their national, ethnic, class or gender adscriptions and relations.


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